Lake Nam-TSO is the highest lake in the world Exclusive
About 200 years ago, in the late tertiary and early Quaternary took place gornolyzhnye Himalayan movement, which led to a significant increase in the earth’s crust in the Qinghai-Tibetan plateau. As a result of strong pushing and deformation of earth’s crust in some places torn to pieces, which, rising, formed mountains. On both edges of the destroyed parts was formed hollows and ravines. Nam-TSO was formed on the background of such a geological structure. Ancient Nam-TSO – lake is quite wide. Later, however, as a result of a new orogenic movement in the Quaternary era the earth’s crust continued to rise. Meanwhile there was a change in the climate of the lake. These and other reasons have led to reduced water revenues and fading of the lake. The current Nam-TSO stretches from the southwest to the northeast. It has a Western part and Eastern part of the narrow and looks wedge-shaped triangle. The height of 4,718 meters above sea level, maximum depth is 33 meters. The distance between East and West coast – 70 km distance between South and North beach – 30 km, an Area of 1,940 sq km, the reservoir Capacity is 76.8 billion cubic meters.
Lake Nam-TSO receives water recharge is mainly from melted snow from the ridge of Genentech and from natural precipitation. The lake’s water flows into the outer river. There is a strong sunlight (high insolation). Much less precipitation than evaporation. This is the main reason for the salinity of the lake water. Among world lake Nam-TSO – a salt lake with the highest altitude above sea level, and at the same time, the second largest salt water lake in China. The lake is freezing. Frosty period of 5 months.
Lake Nam-TSO is famous as the most valuable treasure among the famous attractions of world tourism. In the lake there are 5 Islands, of which the largest is Lenguado. Its area is 1.2 sq. km. in addition, there are 5 peninsulas, such as Jacy and others. These limestone peninsulas in erosion, sediment, collapse, falling and accumulation of carbon dioxide salts formed the most diverse karst phenomena: “the stone peaks, stone pillars, stone bamboo, stone shoots, stone jugs”, hole on the cliffs and natural bridges. The water in Nam-TSO transparent. In the center of the lake visible water depth reaches 13-14 meters.
In the lake bred many species of fish. One of the original platovsky species of fish called silver carp, a type of Schizothorax (Schizothorax). Mentioned fish already acclimated to the particular conditions of the plateau. But he still rudimentry features – thick forehead and short tail.
On the vast plains and lake area, Nam-TSO grow various herbaceous plants, such as Artemisia (Artemisea) and Leontopodium (Leontopodium), and coastal thickets of grass serve as pasture. There are still huge mineral reserves, such as salt, soda, mirabilite, boron ore, etc. in Addition, the lake district is also famous for its variety of medicinal herbs such as medicinal insects and grass, snow Lotus, and seashells.